Todaiji (Eastern Great Temple) was originally constructed in the 8th century, when Nara was Japan's capital. The monk's at Todaiji became so powerful and influential in its early years, that the government moved away from Nara to curtail their influence on governmental affairs.
Today, Todaiji is still one of the largest wooden structures in the world, despite being 30% smaller than the original structure that burned down in a fire. The bronze Buddha inside Todaiji's main hall is one of Japan's largest statues. Flanked by two Bodhisattvas, the seated Buddha represents Vairocana.